In 1866, he got a contract of supervising construction of locomotives for the government of Egypt and in that pursuit he visited Egypt. The members included Jean-Baptiste Krantz, Henri Dion and Léon Molinos, both of whom had known Eiffel for a long time: their report was favorable, and Eiffel got the job. Post retirement from engineering he devoted the rest of his life in meteorology and aerodynamics. Eiffel had meteorological measuring equipment placed on the tower in 1889, and also built a weather station at his house in Sèvres. Actions to protect the bridge were taken as early as 2002 by the "Association of the Descendants of Gustave Eiffel",[42] joined from 2005 onwards by the Association "Sauvons la Passerelle Eiffel" (Save the Eiffel Bridge). Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born on Dec. 15, 1832, and grew up in Dijon, the capital of Burgundy. The main structural work was completed at the end of March, and on the 31st Eiffel celebrated this by leading a group of government officials, accompanied by representatives of the press, to the top of the tower. Valentine EIFFEL, fille de Gustave EIFFEL et Genviève Émilie« Marguerite » GAUDELET, naquit le 25 février 1870 à Levallois-Peret, 92, Paris, Île-de-France, F, et morte le 9 juin 1966 à Paris, 75, Seine, Île-de-France, F, à l’âge de 96 ans. Nationalité Français. AKA Gustave Alexandre Eiffel. Vanity Fair caricature by JB Guth (real name Jean-Baptiste Guth, 1883–1921). In May 1884 Koechlin, working at his home, made an outline drawing of their scheme, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". At the same time he was employed by Jean-Baptiste Kranz to assist him in the design of the exhibition hall for the Exposition Universelle which was to be held in 1867. Just as work began at the Champ de Mars, the "Committee of Three Hundred" (one member for each metre of the tower's height) was formed, led by Charles Garnier and including some of the most important figures of the French arts establishment, including Adolphe Bouguereau, Guy de Maupassant, Charles Gounod and Jules Massenet: a petition was sent to Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand, the Minister of Works, and was published by Le Temps. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and … C’est un terrible choc pour lui. No drilling or shaping was done on site: if any part did not fit it was sent back to the factory for alteration. In order to precisely align the legs so that the connecting girders could be put into place, a provision had been made to enable precise adjustments by placing hydraulic jacks in the footings for each of the girders making up the legs. Philippe Coupérie Eiffel qui a réalisé un site sur sa famille dès 2006, réponds en 2013 aux dernières questions du journaliste Guillaume DURAND, alors que ce site fête son 7* anniversaire. On December 27, 1923, he died while in his mansion on ‘Rue Rabelais’ in Paris and was buried in ‘Levallois-Perret Cemetery’ in the family tomb. It took him a couple of years to master the job and soon he was directing bridge construction and later went on to form his own company ‘Eiffel & Cie’.

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Although no more than 250 men were employed on the site, a prodigious amount of exacting preparatory work was entailed: the drawing office produced 1,700 general drawings and 3,629 detail drawings of the 18,038 different parts needed. Eiffel's principal job was to draw up the arch girders of the Galerie des Machines. Post retirement from engineering he devoted the rest of his life studying meteorology and aerodynamics. Video. Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but nevertheless remained close to his mother, who was to remain an influential figure until her death in 1878. Here it was possible to build a larger wind tunnel, and Eiffel began to make tests using scale models of aircraft designs. Son of Gustave Eiffel and Marguerite Gaudelet Husband of Lucie Martin-Delpué Brother of Claire Eiffel; Laure le Grain; Edouard Eiffel and Valentine Eiffel. His father an ex-military man and served the French Army as an administrator and his mother was in the charcoal business that was passed on to her from her parents. Gustave EIFFEL, né le 15 décembre 1832 - Dijon, 21000, Côte-d'Or, France, décédé le 27 décembre 1923 - Paris, 75008, Paris, France à l'âge de 91 ans Marié le 8 juillet 1862, Dijon, 21000, Côte-d'Or, France, avec; Marie GAUDELET, née en 1845, décédée en 1877 à l'âge de 32 ans Union(s), enfant(s) et petits-enfants The company bagged the project of constructing a railway bridge, Garabit Viaduct in France in that very year. The task was a demanding one: the river was fast-flowing, up to 20 m (66 ft) deep, and had a bed formed of a deep layer of gravel which made the construction of piers on the river bed impossible, and so the bridge had to have a central span of 160 m (520 ft). The most renowned work that brought him international fame and cemented his name in history was the ‘Eiffel Tower’ of Paris. 905 J’aime. Gustave's uncle Jean-Baptiste Mollerat and his chemist friend Michel Perret played an instrumental role in educating Gustave on varied subjects including philosophy, theology, chemistry and mining. 7 avr. The bridge over the Douro came about as the result of a competition held by the Royal Portuguese Railroad Company. Advancing in his career in 1886, he designed a dome for the ‘Nice Observatory’, an astronomical observatory in Nice, France. Unfortunately, she died prematurely fifteen years later. TV-14. Designer of Eiffel Tower. Various parts of the project were manufactured in France and shipped to the site to be assembled there. Association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel. After completing his graduation he did an unpaid job for a few months to assist his brother-in-law in a foundry. Eiffel’s single-minded determination and path-breaking ingenuity were in peak form well before the run-up to the Universal Exposition of 1889. Appendix 1 Works by Eiffel's Company; Appendix 2 Eiffel's Honoured Scientists; Appendix 3 Films Featuring the Eiffel Tower; Notes and References; Bibliography. [20] To assist him in the work he took on several people who were to play important roles in the design and construction of the Eiffel Tower, including Maurice Koechlin, a young graduate of the Zurich Polytechnikum, who was engaged to undertake calculations and make drawings, and Émile Nouguier, who had previously worked for Eiffel on the construction of the Douro bridge. A graduate of the prestigious École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures of France, he made his name with various bridges for the French railway network, most famously the Garabit viaduct. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 Desember 1832 – 27 Desember 1923) was 'n Franse strukturele en lugvaart ingenieur.Hy is gebore in Dijon.Hy behaal sy graad met lof aan die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures.Hy was aanvanklik geïnteresseerd in strukturele ingenieurswese en voltooi die spoorwegbrug oor die Garonnerivier in Bordeaux.In 1889 voltooi hy die Eiffel-toring. A proposal to demolish the railway bridge of Bordeaux (also known as the "passerelle St Jean"), the first major work of Gustave Eiffel, resulted in a large response from the public. At the time of Gustave's birth his father, an ex-soldier, was working as an administrator for the French Army; but shortly after his birth his mother expanded a charcoal business she had inherited from her parents to include a coal-distribution business, and soon afterwards his father gave up his job to assist her. Civil Engineers, siblings: Laure Boenickhausen-Eiffel, Marie Boenickhausen-Eiffel, children: Albert Eiffel, Claire Eiffel, Edouard Eiffel, Laure Eiffel, Valentine Eiffel, education: École Polytechnique, École Centrale Paris, Quotes By Gustave Eiffel | The design of the Eiffel Tower was originated by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who had discussed ideas for a centrepiece for the 1889 Exposition Universelle. Gustave Eiffel yasa menara Eiffel kanggé Paris World's Fair. Sa fille ainée Claire, qui le secondera également dans son travail, reprend dès lors les rênes de la famille. He was already working independently on the construction of two railway stations, at Toulouse and Agen, and in 1866 he was given a contract to oversee the construction of 33 locomotives for the Egyptian government, a profitable but undemanding job in the course of which he visited Egypt, where he visited the Suez Canal which was being constructed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Most of the party chose to stop at the lower levels, but a few, including Nouguier, Compagnon, the President of the City Council and reporters from Le Figaro and Le Monde Illustré completed the climb. The enhanced idea gained Eiffel's support for the project, and he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier and Sauvestre had taken out. One of his noted books on aerodynamics among the many he wrote is ‘Resistance of the Air and Aviation’. Kanggé mèngeti 100 taun Révolusi Prancis. When the company of Nepveu became bankrupt, he arranged for a bridge design work for Eiffel that was to be constructed for the ‘Saint Germaine’ railway. 1877: His wife and mother, Catherine Eiffel, died. [23] Initially Eiffel showed little enthusiasm, although he did sanction further study of the project, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre to add architectural embellishments. ‘Compagnie Belge de Matériels de Chemin de Fer’, the company that took over a few businesses of Nepveu made him managing director of its two factories and eventually Eiffel headed the research department. At 2.35 Eiffel hoisted a large tricolour, to the accompaniment of a 25-gun salute fired from the lower level.[30]. The dome which was noted for its movable feature was the largest of its kind in the world at that time. Le site est un hommage appuyé à Valentine Piccioni-Eiffel la fille de Gustave Eiffel,son arrière grand mère. (Valentine BONICKHAUSEN dit EIFFEL) (Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine EIFFEL) Née le 25 février 1870 - Levallois-Perret (92) Décédée le 9 juin 1966 - Paris XVI° (75),à l'âge de 96 ans Following complaints about noise from people living nearby, he moved his experiments to a new establishment at Auteuil in 1912. Gustave Eiffel, the French visionary engineer left a historical record thanks to his great architectural achievements. [38], In 1913 Eiffel was awarded the Samuel P. Langley Medal for Aerodromics by the Smithsonian Institution. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bonickhausen dit Eiffel;[5] /ˈaɪfəl/; French pronunciation: ​[efɛl]; 15 December 1832 – 27 December 1923) was a French civil engineer. This had been patented by Eiffel in 1881. [25] Eiffel later established a separate company to manage the tower. 1:14. Weaving was a common profession among his family members, but it was two chemist uncles who would have an outsized influence on him. The French Panama Canal Company, headed by Ferdinand de Lesseps, had been attempting to build a sea-level canal, but came to the realization that this was impractical. (Lithograph by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son) AGE, one of the chief architects behind the Eiffel Tower: 15 December 1832 – 27 December 1923. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel. The Eiffel Tower is a marvel of modern architecture. Décès 27 décembre 1923 (à 91 ans). His most historic and best-known work is the Eiffel Tower built for the Paris Exposition of 1889 and remained the tallest building in … In his speech at the presentation of the medal, Alexander Graham Bell said:[39], ...his writings upon the resistance of the air have already become classical. Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). Since the lifts were not yet in operation, the ascent was made by foot, and took over an hour, Eiffel frequently stopping to make explanations of various features. He made a mark of his excellence in other countries including the United States, Spain, Brazil, Uruguay, Peru, Mexico and Chile among others. “Gustave Eiffel never stopped inventing and innovating. [10] During his second year he chose to specialize in chemistry, and graduated ranking at 13th place out of 80 candidates in 1855. Construction took two years, two months and five days — 180 years fewer than Notre Dame! [9] In 1887, Eiffel became involved with the French effort to construct a canal across the Panama Isthmus. Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy. Work on the foundations was complete by 30 June and the erection of the iron work was started. This gave ammunition to his critics, and lurid headlines including "Eiffel Suicide!" Muhammad Ali - Float Like a Butterfly, Sting Like a Bee. The design was exhibited at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the autumn of 1884, and on 30 March 1885 Eiffel read a paper on the project to the Société des Ingénieurs Civils. The construction of the Eiffel tower infused in him the interest for aerodynamics. Later, his father left his job to join the business. While initial fragrances have been dedicated to Eiffel’s iconic constructions, the new fragrances are being focused on his received awards. The components, some already riveted together into sub-assemblies, were first bolted together, the bolts being replaced by rivets as construction progressed. Gustave Eiffel lányának, Valentine-nak az utódai árverésre bocsátják április 18-án az Eiffel-torony ágyújának egyetlen másolatát - közölte a Christie's aukciósház. These were constructed with the aid of compressed air caissons and hydraulic rams, both innovative techniques at the time. He took two years to construct the Eiffel Tower, whose height is 984 feet. Design is about celebrating human achievement and I am delighted to explore this new chapter in my career.” Caption reads 'Gustave Eiffel', dated 11 May 1889. The Exposition Universelle in 1878 cemented his position as a leading engineer of his time. The entire statue was erected at the Eiffel works in Paris before being dismantled and shipped to the United States.[22]. Following the completion of the project on schedule Eiffel was appointed as the principal engineer of the Compagnie Belge. Specialista in strutture metalliche, divenne famoso per la costruzione della Torre Eiffel in occasione dell' Esposizione Universale di Parigi del 1889 Storia della vita di Gustave Eiffel, ingegnere francese. Gustave Eiffel. The Eiffel Tower isn't just a symbol of Paris but a symbol for all of France. Two other daughters (Valentine and Laure) and two other sons (Edouard and Albert) will follow. The Eiffel Tower isn't just a symbol of Paris but a symbol for all of France. Nos formations Thrill your walls now with a stunning Alexandre Gustave Eiffel print from the world's largest art gallery. Every night, 20,000 bulbs light up the Eiffel Tower, creating the famous evening skyline we all know so well. Gustave Eiffel married Marguerite Gaudelet in 1862 at the age of 30, in Dijon. Origins Of The Ferris Wheel And Valentine’s Day February 14, 2013 in Excerpts , Old Print Articles , Science/Tech , Urban Studies | Permalink Related Videos. Managed by: Samuel Austin - Le Maux: Last Updated: May 23, 2018 As his mother had to look after the business, he spent most of his childhood with his grandmother. He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. Elle a épousé Camille PICCIONI le 31 janvier 1890 à Paris, 75, Seine, Île-de-France, F,. On 12 May a commission was set up to examine Eiffel's scheme and its rivals and on 12 June it presented its decision, which was that only Eiffel's proposal met their requirements. Elle restera toujours aux côtés de son père, même après son mariage avec Adolphe Salles. Some work had already been carried out by Eugène Viollet-Le-Duc, but he had died in 1879. Shortly before the trial Eiffel had announced his intention to resign from the Board of Directors of the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel, and did so at a General Meeting held on 14 February, saying "I have absolutely decided to abstain from any participation in any manufacturing business from now on, and so that no one can be misled and to make it most evident that I intend to remain absolutely uninvolved with the management of the establishments which bear my name, I insist that my name should disappear from the name of the company. Naissance, 15 décembre 1832. 1863: Claire Eiffel, his first daughter, was born. A graduate from ‘École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures’ in Paris, he joined a company that specialised in construction of railway bridges. Tu le connais pour sa fameuse Tour Eiffel, symbole de la ville de Paris, mais He then built a laboratory on the Champ de Mars at the foot of the tower in 1905, building his first wind tunnel there in 1909. His expertise was not limited to France only. Gustave Eiffel's career was a result of the Industrial Revolution. Interested in construction at an early age, he attended the … Little happened until the beginning of 1886, but with the re-election of Jules Grévy as President and his appointment of Edouard Lockroy as Minister for Trade decisions began to be made. Early Life. Some have already been destroyed, like in Vietnam. Paris almost missed out on housing the icon. You are currently browsing articles tagged Gustave Eiffel. A budget for the Exposition was passed and on 1 May Lockroy announced an alteration to the terms of the open competition which was being held for a centerpiece for the exposition, which effectively made the choice of Eiffel's design a foregone conclusion: all entries had to include a study for a 300 m (980 ft) four-sided metal tower on the Champ de Mars. It is not only a prominent tourist attraction in France but is also considered a work of art today by the Parisans and critics. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). [17] After some debate about the exact site for the tower, a contract was signed on 8 January 1887. His first aerodynamic experiments, an investigation of the air resistance of surfaces, was carried out by dropping the surface to be investigated together with a measuring apparatus down a vertical cable stretched between the second level of the Eiffel Tower and the ground. The growth of the railway network had an immense effect on people's lives, but although the enormous number of bridges and other work undertaken by Eiffel were an important part of this, the two works that did most to make him famous are the Statue of Liberty and the Eiffel Tower, both projects of immense symbolic importance and today internationally recognized landmarks. After this brief pause erection of the metalwork continued, and the critical operation of linking the four legs was successfully completed by March 1888. They led, in 2010, to the decision to list Eiffel's Bordeaux bridge as a French Historical Monument. He was associated in constructing several bridges including the famous Garabit Viaduct for the railway network of France. Émile Nouguier (17 February 1840 – 23 November 1897) was a French civil engineer and architect. This was the most important building in a complex designed by Charles Garnier, later among the most prominent critics of the Tower. Quotes By Gustave Eiffel And for twenty years ... we shall see stretching like a blot of ink the hateful shadow of the hateful column of bolted sheet metal". Gustave Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, French civil engineer and architect, best known for the Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer.(1880). He cleared entrance exams of ‘École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures’ and ‘École polytechnique’ both of which were renowned schools in France. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, né Bönickhausen1 le 15 décembre 1832 à Dijon et mort le 27 décembre 1923 à Paris, est un ingénieur, un industriel français ayant notamment participé à la construction de la statue de la Liberté à New York et de la tour Eiffel à Paris. One of his noted works was designing of metallic structure of the ‘Statue of Liberty’ in the United States that fell on him after the sudden death of its original engineer. They had five children: Claire, born on 19 August 1863, Laure, Édouard, Valentine, and the youngest, Albert, born in August 1873. Early Life. Place Of Death: Paris, 1 Rue Rabelais. Nos partenaires. He earned a contract in 1887 for building locks for the Panama Canal. Later from March 1860 Eiffel managed the whole project following Nepveu’s resignation. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born on Dec. 15, 1832, and grew up in Dijon, the capital of Burgundy. By June construction had reached the second level platform, and on Bastille Day this was used for a fireworks display, and Eiffel held a celebratory banquet for the press on the first level platform. The statue was opened in 1886. • «La tour Eiffel est vraiment d’une laideur qui déconcerte et elle n’est même pas énorme!» Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848-1907), Certains. Although he was simply a contractor, he was charged along with the directors of the project with raising money under false pretenses and misappropriation of funds. In 1886 Eiffel also designed the dome for the Astronomical Observatory in Nice. One such project was all-metal construction of the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile., Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings. Besides, he is known as the person who built and designed Eiffel Tower in Paris in 1889. A number of different types were produced, ranging from footbridges to standard-gauge railway bridges. Eiffel was made the chief engineer of ‘Compagnie Belge de Matériels de Chemin de Fer’ and was further promoted. In 1855, he completed his graduation earning the thirteenth position out of eighty candidates. Awards Alexandre Gustave Eiffel … The bridge that was completed in 1884 was considered the highest bridge in the world at that time adding another feather in Eiffel’s cap. Garabit Viaduct was another creation designed and built by Eiffel for a while it was the tallest bridge in the world. [7] The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifel mountains in the region from which they had come. Own of the Eiffel Tower's diamond lights : the rarest gesmtone you can give as a gift this Valentine's Day. In order to carry out this work, Eiffel and Henri Treca, the director of the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers,[14] conducted valuable research on the structural properties of cast iron, definitively establishing the modulus of elasticity applicable to compound castings. The family came from a region near the Eifel Mountains and adopted the name ‘Eiffel’. Gustave Eiffel was a French engineer who designed and oversaw construction of the Eiffel Tower. Biographie de Gustave Eiffel sur le site officiel de l'Association des Descendants de Gustave Eiffel, avec sa généalogie descendante. Dijon, (France). The price quoted by Eiffel was FF.965,000, far below the nearest competitor and so he was given the job, although since his company was less experienced than his rivals the Portuguese authorities appointed a committee to report on Eiffel et Cie's suitability. His private life is marked by his marriage on July 8, 1860 with Marie Gaudelet. Children: Valentine Eiffel, Albert Eiffel, Edouard Eiffel, Laure Eiffel, Claire Eiffel. His reputation as an architect and civil engineer got him more projects and he established his own workshop in 1866 and undertook projects in different countries. He was buried in the family tomb in Levallois-Perret Cemetery. Every night, for the first five minutes of every hour, 20,000 bulbs make Eiffel Tower sparkle in the Parisian sky. [26], "To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. These used a small number of standard components, all small enough to be readily transportable in areas with poor or non-existent roads, and were joined together using bolts rather than rivets, reducing the need for skilled labour on site. He and Théophile Seyrig terminated the partnership in 1879 and the company was re-christened as ‘Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel’. [29] At this stage a small "creeper" crane was installed in each leg, designed to move up the tower as construction progressed and making use of the guides for the elevators which were to be fitted in each leg. Born in 1951, Philippe Couperie-Eiffel is the direct descendant of Gustave Eiffel. [8] Eiffel was not a studious child, and thought his classes at the Lycée Royal in Dijon boring and a waste of time, although in his last two years, influenced by his teachers for history and literature, he began to study seriously, and he gained his baccalauréats in humanities and science. [15] His first important commission was for two viaducts for the railway line between Lyon and Bordeaux, and the company also began to undertake work in other countries, including the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile, which was an all-metal prefabricated building, manufactured in France and shipped to South America in pieces to be assembled on site. [21], In 1881 Eiffel was contacted by Auguste Bartholdi who was in need of an engineer to help him to realise the Statue of Liberty. Biografia Nasceu a 15 de dezembro de 1832 em Dijon, França. Gustave Eiffel yasa menara Eiffel kanggé Paris World's Fair. Gustave Eiffel utawi jangkepipun Alexandre Gustave Eiffel inggih punika insinyur saking Prancis ingkang ngrancang lan ngawasi yasanipun menara Eiffel ing taun 1889. Birthplace: Dijon, France Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Natural Causes Remains. The business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in 1843 and retire on the proceeds. Sauvestre added the decorative arches to the base, a glass pavilion to the first level and the cupola at the top. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel.